Leonard Bernstein

Leonard Bernstein ( ; August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, pianist, music educator, author, and humanitarian. Considered to be one of the most important conductors of his time, he was the first American conductor to receive international acclaim. According to music critic Donal Henahan, he was "one of the most prodigiously talented and successful musicians in American history". Bernstein was the recipient of many honors, including seven Emmy Awards, two Tony Awards, sixteen Grammy Awards including the Lifetime Achievement Award, and the Kennedy Center Honor.

As a composer he wrote in many genres, including symphonic and orchestral music, ballet, film and theatre music, choral works, opera, chamber music and works for the piano. His best-known work is the Broadway musical ''West Side Story'', which continues to be regularly performed worldwide, and has been adapted into two (1961 and 2021) feature films. His works include three symphonies, ''Chichester Psalms'', ''Serenade after Plato's "Symposium"'', the original score for the film ''On the Waterfront'', and theater works including ''On the Town'', ''Wonderful Town'', ''Candide'', and his ''MASS''.

Bernstein was the first American-born conductor to lead a major American symphony orchestra. He was music director of the New York Philharmonic and conducted the world's major orchestras, generating a significant legacy of audio and video recordings. He was also a critical figure in the modern revival of the music of Gustav Mahler, in whose music he was most passionately interested. A skilled pianist, he often conducted piano concertos from the keyboard. He was the first conductor to share and explore classical music on television with a mass audience. Through dozens of national and international broadcasts, including ''Young People's Concerts'' with the New York Philharmonic, he sought to make music both intelligible and enjoyable to all. Through his educational efforts, including several books and the creation of two major international music festivals, he influenced several generations of young musicians.

A lifelong humanitarian, Bernstein worked in support of civil rights; protested against the Vietnam War; advocated nuclear disarmament; raised money for HIV/AIDS research and awareness; and engaged in multiple international initiatives for human rights and world peace. Near the end of his life, he conducted an historic performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 in Berlin to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall. The concert was televised live, worldwide, on Christmas Day, 1989.

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by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
Published 1979
Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990....

Audio
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Musical Score Book
3
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1965

Musical Score Book
4
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1982

Book
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by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1998
Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...

CD Audio
6
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 2007

Musical Score Book
7
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1974
CD Audio Book
8
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1998

CD Audio
9
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 2001
Book for a Specific Date.
Video DVD
10
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1966
CD Audio
11
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1956
Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990....

CD Audio
12
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
Published 1994
Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...
CD Audio
13
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1973

CD Audio
14
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1976
CD Book
15
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1988

CD Audio
16
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 2001
Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...

CD Audio
17
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
Published 1992

CD Audio
19
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990
Published 1994
Other Authors: ...Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990...

CD Audio
20
by Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990.
Published 1982

Book